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Genealogy Books for Northeast Georgia

Household Miscellanea

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Household Miscellanea

Transcribed from early Georgia newspaper.

To iron a calico dress. Never iron a calico dress on the right side: if ironed smoothly on the wrong side there will be no danger of white spots and gloss, which give a new dress, “done up” for the first time, the appearance of a time-worn garment. (Jackson Herald, Jefferson, GA, Friday, December 30, 1881, Vol. I, No. 45.)

Air the beds. Some advocates of excessive neatness have the beds made up as soon as they are vacated in the morning. This is neither nice nor healthful. They need to air for at least two hours. Take the bedclothes off, open the windows and doors of the sleeping-room, and let the fresh, out-door air have a free passage. Unless there is a thorough draught there is no true ventilation. The only exception to this rule is during the prevalence of very high winds, or very damp rainy weather. (Jackson Herald, Jefferson, GA, Friday, December 30, 1881, Vol. I, No. 45.)

To remove stains on linen, rub the stain on both sides with yellow soft soap; mix some starch in cold water to a very thick paste, rub it well into the stained parts on both sides; place the linen on the grass, if possible, in the sun and wind till it comes out. If not removed in three or four days rub off the paste and renew the process; as it dries it should be frequently sprinkled with a little water. (Jackson Herald, Jefferson, GA, Friday, December 30, 1881, Vol. I, No. 45.)

Washing dishes. Few housewives but are obliged sometimes to wash dishes. Monday mornings, and occasionally when there is an extra pressure of work, it is a great help to the kitchen maid to have the breakfast dishes washed. In washing use milk instead of soap. Fill a dish-pan full of very hot water, and add half a cup of milk. It softens the hardest water, gives the dishes a clear, bright look, and preserves the hands from the rough skin or chapping which comes from using soap. It cleans the greasiest dishes without leaving the water covered with scum. (Jackson Herald, Jefferson, GA, Friday, January 13, 1882, Vol. 1, No. 47.)

Household hints

Yeast is best kept in glass jars, covered.
White pepper should be used for delicate dishes.
In beating butter always take the back of your spoon.
Always use knives for cutting, not for stirring or chopping.
Dip bowl in boiling water before creaming your butter.
Tablespoon of flour is to be piled high, but butter must be level with the edges of the spoon.
When breaking eggs be careful not to let the yolk of the egg touch the sharp edge of the egg shell.
Two double kettles prevent danger of burning, and liquid boils quicker on account of heat on all sides.
Freezing will take out all old fruit stains; and scalding with boiling water will remove those that have never been through the wash.
(Jackson Herald, Jefferson, GA, Friday, April 7, 1882, Vol. II, No. 7)


One of the Indispensables.. A bottle of spirits of ammonia at house cleaning.  Keep the bottle tightly closed.  Put a teaspoonful of ammonia to a quart of warm soap suds, dip in a flannel cloth and wipe dust and fly specks.  To a pint of suds add a teaspoonful of ammonia and dip your silver in it; rub with a brush and polish with chamois skin.  It is excellent for washing mirrors and windows; put a few drops of the spirits on a piece of paper and rub off spots or finger marks on the glass.  It will take out grease from every kind of cloth; put on the ammonia nearly clear, lay blotting paper over the place and press a hot flat iron over it for a few moments.  Use ammonia to clean laces and muslins, nail and hair brushes, put a teaspoonful of ammonia into a pint of water, and shake the brush through the water, when they look white rinse them in clear water and put them in a warm place to dry. (The Forest News, Jefferson, GA, Saturday, May 18, 1878, Vol. III, No. 49)

A method to preserve eggs.  EGGS keep very well when you can exclude air: which is best done by placing a grate in any running water, and putting Eggs, as the hens lay them, in the upperside of the grate, and there let them lie covered with water till you are going to use them; when you will find them as good as if they had been laid that day.  This way answers much better than greasing: as sometimes one place is misled, which spoils the whole Egg: even those that are fresh never eat so well.
     In places where people are afraid their Eggs may be stolen, they should make a chest with a number of slits in it, that the water may get in freely, the top of which being above the water, may be locked down.  Mill-dams are the most proper places for these chests or grates.
N.B.  The water must continually cover the Eggs, or they will spoil.  (Farmer’s Gazette, Sparta, Georgia, July 15, 1803)

Linen polish. Take of white wax one ounce, spermaceti two ounces, and a pinch of salt.  Mix and melt these together, and when cold it will form a hard cake.  Put a piece the size of a pea in the hot starch for every three or four shirts.  When ironing go over the linen quickly a second time; this increases the polish. (The Forest News, Jefferson, GA, August 10, 1878, Vol. IV, No. 9

Roaches.. Five cents worth of pulverized boraz spread where roaches come, or in their hiding places, will run them on. (The Forest News, Jefferson, GA, Saturday, April 20, 1878, Vol. III, No. 44.)

For Preparing Lard to Keep Through Summer.  To one gallon of lard, put one ounce of sal soda, dissolved in a gill of water.  Do not fill your kettle more than half full, for it will foam and perhaps boil over.  No other water is required than what the soda is dissolved in.  When it is done it is very clear, and will keep two years.  Strain through a coarse cloth and set away. (The Forest News, Jefferson, GA, Saturday, April 20, 1878, Vol. III, No. 44.)

How to keep scions. Bury them in a dry place out of doors, in an inverted open box.  Fill the box partly full with them, nail two or three strips across to hold them in place, and then place the box in a hole dug for the purpose, with the open side down, and bury them half a foot or so in depth.  They do not come in contact with the earth, and remain perfectly clean; and the moisture of the earth keeps them plump and fresh without any danger of their becoming water soaked. (The Forest News, Jefferson, GA, Saturday, May 18, 1878, Vol. III, No. 49)